Prophylactic treatment is a form of preventative medicine. It is a type of treatment that is performed to prevent a disease from occurring in a person. This can also be done to prevent injuries. It is an alternative to waiting for a disease to occur and then treating the symptoms.
There are different levels of preventative medicine. These are the primary, secondary, tertiary and quaternary levels. The earliest form of preventative medicine is called primal prevention and starts while a fetus is still in the womb in order to make sure any health issues can be prevented before they start. This can involve educating new parents on how to properly care for an infant as well as making sure there is someone available at all times to be there with enough financial support. Having a baby isn't cheap, so it's important for the health of a baby that a person have the finances to provide proper care.
Back to the four levels of preventative care, the primary level means that both illness and disease are absent. At the secondary level, illness is absent but disease is present. The quaternary level has illness present but disease absent and the tertiary level sees both illness and disease present. These can all be made into a chart so they are easier to read and understand.
Primary prevention uses methods of stopping disease before it develops. These methods include health promotion in almost all populations such as the encouragement of sanitary conditions and frequent hand washing. With secondary prevention, the early stages of a disease are treated so as to prevent it from progressing and possibly even curing it. Tertiary prevention aims to reduce the complications related to a particular disease and to restore function that has been degraded due to the presence of an established disease. Quaternary prevention is designed to prevent unnecessary medical intervention when treating a disease.
People can do a lot of simple things to prevent the spread of illness and disease. Simply washing hands frequently and getting proper vaccines can really prevent the spread of germs and disease. People should visit a doctor regularly for checkups as well as care pertaining to their characteristics like age, their current health and family history. A person that has a family history of certain illnesses should be screened for them at a younger age in order to prevent them from occurring using preventative treatment where possible. A person with a history of cancer in their family will be screened for cancer at a younger age than those with little to no history of cancer. There is a lot of medical research that is done in order to learn new ways to prevent illness and disease.
Prophylactic treatment specifically refers to medical procedures or public health initiatives that are designed to prevent disease rather than cure or treat it. There are primary prophylactics and secondary prophylactics. Primary prophylactics prevent the development of a disease and secondary prophylactics aim to keep a disease that is present from getting worse.
There are several examples of prophylactic treatment. Flu shots are one of the more popular examples because of how many people get them each year. People get flu vaccines in order to do what they can to prevent getting the flu which will, in turn, prevent it from spreading. Antibiotics can also be used before there is illness present or when an illness is believed to be present.
Preventing Preventable Death
People die a lot of ways that can easily be prevented. It's not like a disease you just get like cancer and can't do much about. There are other illnesses and diseases that are completely preventable if people do what they are supposed to. Some of the leading causes of preventable death include high blood pressure, smoking, high cholesterol, malnutrition, bad diet, being overweight, lack of physical activity, alcoholism and pollution. Millions of people die from these causes and more every year. However, there are things we can all do to avoid these forms of death.
For starters, a lot of people smoke when they don't have to. Actually, no one has to smoke at first. They eventually become addicted to the nicotine the more they do it. People can quit smoking and immediately improve their health. While quitting smoking is easier said than done, it is a leading cause of preventable death around the world. Many people do not realize the consequences of smoking until they are older, or they are aware but simply do not care until they start to suffer from serious health problems. By not smoking, people lower their risk of getting various forms of cancer and from suffering from heart disease. They also won't smell like chimneys, which is a definite plus.
Diet and obesity is another problem that spans the globe, but it is especially prevalent in the United States. Many people are overweight because they do not eat right and get little to no exercise. Eating a healthy diet and exercising regularly is a form of prophylactic since it helps to prevent illness and disease from occurring later in life. Exercise contributed to good health when it is done regularly. Obesity leads to problems like high blood pressure and heart disease. These can all be prevented by living a healthy lifestyle that includes healthy foods combined with physical activity. People that just sit around and eat are not going to live long because of all the health issues that will soon follow.
Drinking alcohol frequently can cause a number of health problems for people that can be prevented simply by not drinking, or at least limiting the amount of alcohol consumed. Drinking heavily on a regular basis can cause serious liver problems, among other things. Drinking also leads to impaired judgment. A car accident caused by a drunk driver is definitely an example of preventable death. Even worse, an innocent person can be the victim of a drunk driver. Limiting alcoholic beverages and being smart about them would prevent a lot of deaths around the world caused by people driving under the influence.
Pretty much anything we do to maintain our health can be considered preventative treatment or prophylactic medicine. For more ways on how to live a healthy live and prevent illness, talk to a doctor or medical expert.